Saturday, 13 September 2014

How Superbugs Hitch a Ride From Hog Farms Into Your Community

A nice article from Tom Philpott in Mother Jones.

Nothing really spectacularly new, but pulling together recent American research and helping making knowledge of the dangers accessible, also publicising results very much along the same lines as the Danes.

From the point of view of Britain, her veterinary establishment are looking ever more wrong, arrogant, devious, isolated and secretive.

They will be feeling the pressure.

However, we should be understanding that, whoever was at fault, they are also the people, with their families, pig workers. local residents and the sick, most endangered by MRSA st398 and other Livestock Associated MRSA.

We desperately need an open and humble admission of the real situation in the UK from the government veterinarians

Many years too late, we have to start protecting the hospitals.

You can read the whole article here.

How Superbugs Hitch a Ride From Hog Farms Into Your Community

-By Tom Philpott

| Sat Sep. 13, 2014 6:00 AM EDT

Factory-scale farms don't just house hundreds of genetically similar animals in tight quarters over vast cesspools collecting their waste.

They also house a variety of bacteria that live within those unfortunate beasts' guts... 

...Antibiotic-resistant bacteria leave these facilities in two main  ways. The obvious one is meat: As Food and Drug Administration data show, the pork chops, chicken parts, and ground beef you find on supermarket shelves routinely carry resistant bacteria strains. But
there's another, more subtle way: through the people who work on these operations...

(Followed by summaries if three recent studies in the USA.)

Friday, 12 September 2014

Norway - MRSA st398 - Insurance available for culled pigs

Interesting piece from Norway, which confirms that where insurance exists, it is paying out for culling MRSA cc398 hit herds.

The article is partly a predictable argument about insufficient and late state compensation. We are all familiar with this scene.

Back in 2001 & 2, there were claims that there was no insurance available in Britain for such a government ordered cull, specifically the CSF and FMD then plaguing the country.

When we queried why there was no insurance available in Britain, we never did get a satisfactory reply.

There were suggestions that the EU played a part in the situation (Note Norway is not a member of the EU).

There were, and are, obvious issues as to why the taxpayer was compensating farmers for a known business risk, but there was a much more important underlying issue.

Where insurance exists, the underwriters play a very important role in regulating the industry, penalising high risk activities and favouring prudence and care.

If farmers are businesses, and for sure in Britain they almost always are, normal business practices play an important role and insurance against known risks is one of them. A properly regulated industry is very much in the interests of farmers.

The whole issue needs investigating.

The full Norwegian report is here, please read in full understanding that it is a mechanical translation.

Farmers do not receive compensation for antibiotic resistant bacteria in pigs

MRSA frame farmers get hundreds of thousands in losses. Experts fear the poor and late replacement turn undercut efforts to combat the infection.


PUBLISHED: 8/9/14 2:30 | UPDATED: 08/09/14 6:29 P.M.

A year after the first swine farms to slaughter all pigs in the fight against antibiotic-resistant bacterium MRSA, farmers have still not received compensation. And compensation they can expect covers nearly the losses they incurred, according to experts.

Special Veterinary Odd Magne Karlsen in Meat and Poultry Association (KLF) feared that a lame and cumbersome system and poor compensation schemes should turn undercut efforts against the feared contagion...

...MRSA is a variation of Staphylococcus aureus that has developed resistance to antibiotics. In Denmark, four people have died of swine-MRSA. In Norway, MRSA frame farmers, for the sake of public health, slaughter and redevelop the whole swine herds. According to the FSA shows the fight against MRSA promising results, but the farmers who have been affected are in despair over compensation schemes.

Insurance payments to cover operating losses comes According to Karlsen quickly and works well for farmers who have subscribed insurance. Dissatisfaction, however, is great with the public compensation scheme, which will cover the loss of animals and costs of

...He bring forward that the economic analyzes show that the community will save significant costs on swine production is free of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Compensation schemes that cover the actual losses for farmers believe he is therefore a good investment...

..."Progress is about to stop. I feared it might turn undercut impressive efforts to get rid of MRSA. " Norwegian Farmers' Union support and demand for better compensation

...Listhaug will not comment on the criticism of the compensation schemes across Nations.

Thursday, 11 September 2014

Denmark - Pig MRSA - "Better to live in blissful ignorance."

If the Danes had wanted to implement the 'British solution' of failing to test properly and making quite sure that nothing was found in their pigs, they left it too late.

The gene is out of the bottle now, and in a very big way too.

You can sense the sarcasm even through the mechanical translation from the Danish.

The Danes, despite their serious problems, leave Britain's useless devious government veterinarians in the unenviable position of being exposed as dangerous scamsters on the world stage.

Dangerous not just to Britain either.

Mind you, Britain's veterinarians will probably regret that less than bringing pig MRSA home to their own family.

The full 'Engineer' article is here.

Farmers on MRSA screening of breeding pigs: 

Better to live in blissful ignorance

There is no way to eliminate MRSA infection from the 26 Danish farms with breeding pigs. Therefore they should not be screened for MRSA, because if they are hit by the resistant bacteria, fleeing customers, says Agriculture and Food.

By Maria Behrendt September 10, 2014 at. 10:37

It would be too expensive to test the Danish breeding pigs for MRSA. This may mean that customers stop buying from infected herds and has agriculture can not afford.

So says the farmers' organization, Food & Agriculture therefore believe that the authorities should be completely stay away from screening breeding herds...

... But the Danish pig herds, the authorities should refrain from screening, even though screening is part of the new risk assessment considers the organization.

In a newsletter to its members justify Agriculture and Food Chairman, Martin Douwe Egberts, its position that there is no technical justification for screening for MRSA. But it's also about economics.

"We run the risk that our customers stop buying genes from the herds tested positive. It will cost a lot of money, "says the director of the Pig Research Claus Fertin.

He does not believe that it is possible to remove the MRSA bacteria from breeding herds, and therefore we should definitely keep us from examining it.

So it is better to live in blissful ignorance?

"Yes. I know it may sound cynical and hard to understand, but we still have not the knowledge to eradicate the bacterium. We can only slow it down, "says Claus Fertin.

Agriculture and Food has an expectation that MRSA infection is quite prevalent in the Danish breeding herds...

Wednesday, 10 September 2014

Denmark - Doctors have to perform in Space Suit - pig MRSA

The situation over MRSA in pigs and pig people gets ever more serious.

The Danes and their media are rightly concerned.

Britain continues to be in denial.

Her veterinarians, pig farmers, workers and their families are at the greatest risk.

The full Politken article is here. Please bear in mind that the quotes are a mechanical translation.

Board of Health: Doctors have to perform in space suit

Authority regrets that patients with pig-MRSA feel stigmatized.

SIGNE THOMSEN Report and on duty.

When shed workers and other people who are infected with the multidrug-resistant swine bacterium MRSA CC398 are admitted to hospitals throughout the country, is there a special procedure in

When operating personnel have extra protection - a sort of space suit - on and on planned operations put the patient at any time as the last of the day's program, so the room can be extra clean by the patient.

During admission, he or she receives an isolated room with private toilet and will be instructed not to move around the hospital.

Skilled farmer Kenneth Sorensen, 33, was due to his past work in a pigsty permanent carrier of the bacteria for two years, and several times he experienced at the hospital to be exposed to the guard, to be undertaken when a MRSA-infected being hospitalized.

"I felt that I was treated like one with plague. The doctors stood in the space suit with visor, and no shook hands with me. Both my boyfriend and I were shocked by the reaction of the hospital staff, "he said earlier today in an article in Politiken.

But it can not be otherwise, is the message from the Health Protection Agency.

"We take it very seriously with the risk of stigma and discrimination... 

Tuesday, 9 September 2014

Denmark - MRSA - Working with pigs not treatable.

Working with pigs has become an un-treatable disease.

That includes veterinarians working with pigs, something we have highlighted for quite some years now.

Mechanical translation from the Danish, which should be read in full here.

The authorities do not recommend treatment of MRSA-infected

People who work with pigs have to live with pigs bacterium MRSA if they continue to work in the barn.

A large portion of the approximately 9,000 people who fit Denmark more than 12 million slaughter pigs infected with the multidrug-resistant swine bacterium MRSA CC398.
But they are forced to live with the infection as long as they work in a barn with infected pigs. It writes Politiken Tuesday.

People who work with pigs, get rid of the bacteria undergoing a five-day disinfection with antibiotic ointment and chlorhexidine hydrochloride soap, but it provides according to the authorities does not make sense to put shed workers at the same cure...

...Board of Health states in their recommendations to physicians that "people who have daily or regular contact with pigs, the only undergo treatment to remove bacteria, if they stop getting in the stables." It is according to the newspaper in 'Guidance on preventing the spread of MRSA' .

At 3F, which organizes employees at the country's pig farms, Lars Mark Jensen, group leader in Aalborg, furious on behalf of its members...

...He knows of at least 10 employees who have chosen to resign because of MRSA.,,

...Employees' families and associates must also live with the risk of becoming infected with the bacterium that not only contagious from pigs to humans, but also from person to person...

Monday, 8 September 2014

Denmark - MRSA experts: New course for pig infection must be followed

The Danes can look on the bright side, at least they recognise they have a problem.

Britain's veterinary establishment has hidden up the same problem for many years.

So, the senior government veterinarians running the shambles that is animal and related public health in Britain have to be called to account and removed from positions of responsibility quickly.

Be sure to read in full here, there is a timeline of the development of the growing scandal in Denmark.

MRSA experts: New course for pig infection must be followed

Food Minister's change of course in the fight against the spread of swine MRSA is welcomed by the country's experts in resistant bacteria. But the new measures must be followed by action, says experts.

By Helle Maigaard Erhardsen 

Food Minister Dan Jorgensen during a visit to a pig in July. In late August, he put on a consultation for increased efforts to combat the spread of swine MRSA...

... But the new measures must be followed by action, says experts.

By Helle Maigaard Erhardsen September 7, 2014 at. 14:00

Ban visits to MRSA-infected pig farms, screening of all breeding herds and research to uncover the antibiotic-resistant stafylokokbakteries routes of transmission.

There were new tones from Health Minister Nick Hækkerup (S) and Food Minister Dan Jørgensen (S) August 27, when they were both summoned to consultation in parliament to explain the response to the increasing incidence of pig-MRSA in humans...

How come MRSA CC398 on the agenda...

...But it has a long way before the food minister's new approach will lead to a reduction of the widespread swine bacterial, says Hans Jørn Kolmos: "It is clearly a step that Dan Jørgensen now have realized that they must know the routes of infection, before anything can be done. But then they must also be prepared to act on the new knowledge that may
come, "he said.

Opens screening

Yvonne Agersø who is a senior researcher at DTU's Department of Epidemiology and genomic microbiology, food also welcome the Minister's new approach to combating welcome. She is one of the scientists who have recommended the screening of breeding herds, which is now being introduced:
"The problem is just not resolved by screening the 27 herds.So, we are investigating further down the production joints to find out whether the infection will continue, "says Yvonne Agersø.

Since she in 2012 became part of the Government working to combat MRSA, the changing food ministers refused to check and thereby eliminate or stop the bacteria were spread already in the first part of the pig production...

...But although the minister now opens the 27 barn doors in breeding herds for testing, he maintains still that only two percent of the remaining pig farms - some 200 crews - are going to have a sample. Another member of the MRSA Working Group, Jens Peter Nielsen,
Professor of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, University of Copenhagen, also welcome his recommendation on screening of breeding herds are now being accepted.

Routes of infection must be investigated

The studies of bacterial infection routes, as the minister announced at the conciliation must also first organized by the National Veterinary Institute DTU, according to the Ministry of Food. At the consultation meeting said Dan Jørgensen, however, a number of areas that would be important to examine. It is, for example, how much bacteria is spread when animals are transported on manure and dust from the facility can transmit the infection and whether it matters if the farms are close or scattered.
These areas have all been unknown factors that the Food Ministry has referred to as a reason for not putting directly into the barns to fight infection among pigs before the bacteria are transmitted to humans...

...Prof. Dr. Hans Jørn Kolmos is surprised that the minister did not also proposes to examine the possibility of infection through pork. Food Administration, by 2011, examined the prevalence of bacteria in meat, but is otherwise not assume that pork poses a risk of infection, as all who eat it, otherwise they would be infected, says the rationale of the Board.

"The greater prevalence in meat, the greater will be the risk of infection. In 2011, 10 percent of Danish-produced pork contaminated with MRSA, but what is the situation today? "Hans Jørn Kolmos.

Another expert in resistant bacteria, a professor at DTU Food Frank Møller Aarestrup, has also sought clarification of pork infection risk. He, however, express concern about the research projects will be a way to postpone action on.

'If it just ends up in research without any real attempt at reducing the infection will not improve health,' he wrote in an email to the engineer.

Friday, 5 September 2014

Denmark - MRSA cc398 in mink.

A slightly confused report, from an unusual source, but obviously MRSA cc398 has spread far and wide in Denmark, presumably from the pig industry.

Full report is here. It is, of course, a mechanical translation.

DTU: We do not know a bell on MRSA in mink

September 4, 2014

"We know that MRSA is present in mink, but we do not know a bell on the scale. We would like to have considered. " 

So says specialist and veterinarian at the National Veterinary Institute Mariann Chriél who last year sought funding for a study of the prevalence of the resistant bacteria MRSA CC398, called pig MRSA in mink...

Did MRSA in two samples

According to Mariann Chriél it is necessary to examine the prevalence of MRSA in mink.

"There is an assumption that MRSA in mink is a problem, but we do not know, so that's why we need to know the extent," she says.

All she currently knows for sure is that DTU last fall found MRSA in two isolates from mink, which were submitted by veterinarians as part of the general resistance surveillance that DTU make.

"But we can not conclude anything on the basis of," she says. In the autumn of last year, it also emerged that since 2009 has registered 25 cases where people have been infected with MRSA bacteria from mink farms. 15 of the cases came from North Jutland - probably because the authorities here have made a more thorough check.There are over 15 million mink in Denmark. 

The largest part of the Danish mink productiontakes place in Jutland: 41.3 percent in Region Midtjylland and 30.4 percent in North Jutland...